Back to Health A to Z. Endometriosis is a condition where tissue similar to the lining of the womb starts to grow in other places, such as the ovaries and fallopian tubes. It's a long-term condition that can have a significant impact on your life, but there are treatments that can help. The symptoms of endometriosis can vary. You may also have heavy periods — you might use lots of pads or tampons, or you may bleed through your clothes. For some women, endometriosis can have a big impact on their life and may sometimes lead to feelings of depression.
Spotting and bleeding between periods
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Endometriosis occurs when cells from the lining of your womb uterus grow in other areas of your body. This can cause pain, heavy bleeding, bleeding between periods, and problems getting pregnant infertility. Every month, a woman's ovaries produce hormones that tell the cells lining the uterus to swell and get thicker. Your uterus sheds these cells along with blood and tissue through your vagina when you have your period. Endometriosis occurs when these cells grow outside the uterus in other parts of your body. This tissue may attach on your:.
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Endometriosis is a common, yet poorly understood disease that can strike women of any socioeconomic class or race. Normally, if a woman is not pregnant, this tissue builds up and is shed each month as menstrual flow your period. Endometriosis occurs when this tissue grows outside the uterus on the surfaces of organs in the pelvic and abdominal areas where it does not normally grow. Tissues surrounding the area of endometriosis may become inflamed or swollen, leading to the development of scar tissue. After menopause, the abnormal implants shrink away and the symptoms subside.