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On 6 August , during the final stages of World War II , it became the first aircraft to drop an atomic bomb. The bomb, code-named " Little Boy ", was targeted at the city of Hiroshima , Japan, and caused the near-complete destruction of the city. Enola Gay participated in the second atomic attack as the weather reconnaissance aircraft for the primary target of Kokura. Clouds and drifting smoke resulted in a secondary target, Nagasaki , being bombed instead. In May , it was flown to Kwajalein for the Operation Crossroads nuclear tests in the Pacific, but was not chosen to make the test drop at Bikini Atoll. Later that year it was transferred to the Smithsonian Institution , and spent many years parked at air bases exposed to the weather and souvenir hunters, before being disassembled and transported to the Smithsonian's storage facility at Suitland, Maryland , in In the s, veterans groups engaged in a call for the Smithsonian to put the aircraft on display, leading to an acrimonious debate about exhibiting the aircraft without a proper historical context.
Tibbets, Paul Warfield, Jr.
Son of Paul Warfield Tibbets, Sr. Paul Warfield Tibbets, Jr. February 23, — November 1, was a brigadier general in the United States Air Force, best known for being the pilot of the Enola Gay, the first aircraft to drop an atomic bomb in the history of warfare.
Paul Warfield Tibbets Jr. He is best known as the pilot who flew the B Superfortress known as the Enola Gay named after his mother when it dropped Little Boy , the first of two atomic bombs used in warfare, on the Japanese city of Hiroshima. Tibbets enlisted in the United States Army in and qualified as a pilot in After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor , he flew anti-submarine patrols over the Atlantic.